Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a fairly recent invention. Transcranial magnetic stimulation uses an electromagnetic pulse which passes through the skull and this can generate an electric current in a specific brain area. By changing the frequency of the pulse, scientists can either upregulate or downregulate activity in specific brain regions. The problem with conventional TMS is that it it can only penetrate around 1 to 2 centimeters inside the brain. The new deep TMS, however, can reach further into the brain and allows non-invasive excitation or inhibition of almost any brain area. Researchers are testing deep TMS in a new clinical trial to improve the outcome among stroke patients. Deep TMS may be able to shape the brain and utilize neuroplasticity for a beneficial effect. Deep TMS may also eventually be used on patients with traumatic brain injury to improve specific symptoms.

This study will determine the safety and efficacy of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in treating acute ischemic stroke (stroke resulting from a blood clot in the brain).

TMS was found to be effective and safe in the set up of depression. TMS acts by generating magnetic fields in the brain which simulate neuro-chemical changes and stimulate neuronal activity translating into increased secretion of growth factors such as brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). This is followed by positive effects of these growth and survival factors on neuronal sprouting, re-organization and also potentially on neurogenesis. Hence it is postulated that TMS will have a positive effect on the recovery rate and extent of recovery after stroke.

Brain Injury Lawyer